Traveler Artists to Latin America

See highlights from the collection below.
Consisting of works produced from 1638 to the end of the 19th century, this nucleus of the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros follows the development of landscape art in Latin America.  It offers an historical account of the genesis of this genre of painting, beginning with the arrival of the Dutch painter Frans Post to Brazil in 1637, and continuing with the visits of numerous traveling artists from Europe and the United States over the course of the 19th century, when national schools of painting began to emerge in many countries of Latin America.

The paintings, drawings, watercolors, prints, and photographs that make up the Landscapes of the Americas collection convey the challenges that depicting the natural environment of Latin America posed for the first artists who traveled to the region, many of whom had a solid European academic formation. The independence of numerous Latin American colonies from the empires of Spain and Portugal in the early decades of the 19th century opened those nascent nations to the gaze of artists, chroniclers, scientists, and entrepreneurs, who arrived individually as well as collectively in missions dispatched by foreign governments.  Driven by artistic or commercial impulses, or simply by the attraction of a romantic adventure, these traveler artists left behind an extraordinary body of work illustrating the nature and geography of Latin America.

  • Auguste Morisot, Flower of the Acacia, Ciudad Bolívar (1886)

    Auguste Morisot

    Flower of the Acacia, Ciudad Bolívar


    Watercolor and graphite on paper

  • José María Velasco, Ahuehuete (c. 1870–1875)

    José María Velasco


    c. 1870–1875

    Oil on board

    30.8 x 43.5 cm (12 1/8 x 17 1/8 inches)

  • Bernhard Wiegandt, Landscape (1879)

    Bernhard Wiegandt



    Watercolor on paper

    34.3 x 25 cm (13 1/2 x 9 7/8 inches)

  • Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, Approaching La Guaira, Venezuela (1848)

    Admiral Sir Michael Seymour

    Approaching La Guaira, Venezuela


    Graphite and watercolor on paper

    17.8 x 25.4 cm (7 x 10 inches)

  • Ferdinand Bellermann, At the Sugar Mill (c. 1868–1870)

    Ferdinand Bellermann

    At the Sugar Mill

    c. 1868–1870

    Oil on canvas

    144.8 x 182.9 cm (57 x 72 inches)

  • Norton Bush, The Heart of the Peruvian Andes—A View from the Arequipa Valley with Mount Chachani in the Distance, Peru (1877)

    Norton Bush

    The Heart of the Peruvian Andes—A View from the Arequipa Valley with Mount Chachani in the Distance, Peru


    Oil on canvas

    111.8 x 184.2 cm (44 x 72 1/2 inches)

  • Camille Pissarro, Cove with Sailboat (1856)

    Camille Pissarro

    Cove with Sailboat


    Oil on canvas

    35 x 53 cm (13 3/4 x 20 7/8 inches)

  • Martin Johnson Heade, Sunset—A Scene in Brazil

    Martin Johnson Heade

    Sunset—A Scene in Brazil


    Oil on canvas

    48.9 x 86.4 cm (19 1/4 x 34 inches)

  • Robert Ker Porter, Rounding Up Cattle on the Apurean Plains (1832)

    Robert Ker Porter

    Rounding Up Cattle on the Apurean Plains


    Watercolor and ink on paper

    36.5 x 51.8 cm (14 3/8 x 20 3/8 inches)

  • Anton Goering, The Cordillera, Venezuela, with Travelers on a Road (1876)

    Anton Goering

    The Cordillera, Venezuela, with Travelers on a Road


    Watercolor on paper

    45.1 x 59.1 cm (17 3/4 x 23 1/4 inches)

  • Norton Bush, On the San Juan, Nicaragua (1871)

    Norton Bush

    On the San Juan, Nicaragua


    Oil on canvas

    50.8 x 91.5 cm (20 x 36 inches)

  • Frans Jansz Post, Paisagem com capela (c. 1663)

    Frans Jansz Post

    Landscape with Chapel

    c. 1663

    Oil on wood

    43.5 x 58.7 x 1 cm (17 1/8 x 23 1/8 x 3/8 inches)

  • Alessandro Ciccareli, Vue de Rio de Janeiro (c. 1840)

    Alessandro Ciccareli

    View of Rio de Janeiro

    c. 1840

    Oil on canvas

    56.5 x 81.3 cm (22 1/4 x 32 inches)

  • Johann Moritz Rugendas

    View of the Valley of Mexico with Volcanoes and the Texcoco Lake

    c. 1833

    Oil on canvas

    70.2 x 93 cm (27 5/8 x 36 5/8")

  • Émile Goury, (1813‑1847)

    Vue de Basse‑Terre, Guadeloupe [View of Basse-Terre, Guadaloupe]


    Oil on canvas

    51.4 x 81.3 cm (20 1/4 x 32 inches)

  • Conrad Wise Chapman, (1842‑1910)

    The Valley of Mexico


    Oil on canvas

    13.3 x 20.3 cm (5 1/4 x 8 inches)

  • Eduard Hildebrandt, (1818‑1869)

    Sunset over Pedra da Gávea, Rio de Janeiro

    c. 1860

    Oil on canvas

    52.1 x 67.3 x 2.5 cm (20 1/2 x 26 1/2 x 1 inches)

  • Nicolas‑Antoine Taunay, (1755–1830)

    View of the Road of Quebra Chángala in the Alto da Boa Vista

    c. 1816–1830

    Oil on canvas

    71.8 x 106 cm (28 1/4 x 41 3/4 inches)

  • Anton Goering (1836‑1905)

    Flamingos en un lago, Venezuela [Flamingos in a Lake, Venezuela]

    c. 1867

    Watercolor on paper

    14.6 x 25.4 cm (5 3/4 x 10 inches)

  • Frederic Edwin Church, (1826‑1900)

    Cotopaxi, Ecuador


    Oil on canvas

    24.8 x 36.8 cm (9 3/4 x 14 1/2 inches)